Consignee vs. Consignor in Shipping - What is the Difference

Below we will help break down the differences.


The consignor, also known as the shipper, is the party responsible for sending the goods, typically the seller or manufacturer. The consignor holds the responsibility of properly packaging the goods and getting them ready for transportation. In addition, the consignor may have the obligation of arranging for the transport of the goods and covering any charges associated with it. The consignor may also need to provide the necessary documentation for the shipment, such as customs forms or bills of lading. 


The consignee is the recipient of the shipment, usually the buyer or end-user. In certain circumstances, the consignee and consignor may be the same individual or organization. This can occur when a company transports merchandise from one of its storage facilities to another, resulting in the company acting as both the sender and the receiver. 

Understanding the Difference Is Important

Consignee vs. Consignor in LogisticsUnderstanding the difference can help ensure that the correct party is held responsible for any issues that may arise during the shipping process. For example, if goods are damaged during transport, it's important to know who is responsible for filing a claim with the shipping company.

Additionally, understanding the differences can help prevent confusion and ensure that the shipping process goes smoothly. If the consignor and consignee are not clearly defined, it can lead to delays or mistakes in the shipping process.

The Role of Intermediaries

When it comes to shipping, it's important to take into account the involvement of intermediaries in the process. Freight forwarders or logistics companies, for instance, can act as intermediaries between the consignor and consignee. They may take charge of managing the shipment logistics and offering supplementary services like customs clearance or insurance. To prevent misunderstandings or disagreements, it is crucial to establish clear roles and responsibilities for each party involved.

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